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Appraisal Courses | Acquisition Relocation Training

ORC Training has developed courses in all aspects of the right-of-way acquisition process – appraisal, negotiation, relocation assistance, highway plan reading and project management. Most of these courses can be presented in a web-based format or delivered in half-day, one-day or two-day sessions.

Many of the topics are developed in a modular design and can be customized for individual needs.

In recognition of the firm's comprehensive experience and expertise, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the National Highway Institute (NHI) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) have selected ORC to develop courses on appraisal procedures, appraisal reviews, title requirements, and residential and business relocations. In addition, the FHWA has contracted with ORC for research studies on right-of-way acquisition and relocation assistance issues and land use management issues.

The following is a list of courses that our firm currently offers or has developed.

Click each course for more detail.

Current ORC Training Courses - Instructor-Led:

Acquisition Requirements Under the Uniform Act

Acquisition Requirements Under the Uniform Act

Description:

This course is designed to provide transportation professionals with specific information about the basic acquisition policies listed in §24.102, such as providing notice to owner, establishing the amount of just compensation, making a written offer to purchase, providing a summary statement of the amount offered as just compensation, following basic negotiation procedures identified in the regulations, not taking coercive action against the owner, and the authority of the Agency to negotiate an administrative settlement with the owner.

Outcomes:

  • Describe the purpose of the Uniform Act
  • Identify basic acquisition policies under §24.102
  • Define an administrative settlement
  • Describe documentation necessary for negotiation activities

Appraisal Concepts for the Negotiator

Appraisal Concepts for the Negotiator

Description:

The course is designed to assist experienced negotiators in focusing on appraisal issues that are important during the negotiation process. In addition, the course addresses the negotiator's role in the overall project and how a negotiator's expertise can assist in completing a transportation project effectively and efficiently. Participants will apply these concepts in case study scenarios.

Outcomes:

  • Explain the sales verification process
  • Describe the difference between realty and personalty
  • List the five factors considered when determining the larger parcel
  • Explain the concept of highest and best use
  • Describe the three approaches to value
  • Recognize the approaches used when appraising partial takings

Business Advisory Services and Housing Payments

Business Advisory Services and Housing Payments

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course provides specific information on the various aspects of certain housing payments and is designed to address advisory services for businesses. The main topics include mortgage interest differential payments, government assisted housing and interview requirements for businesses.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the buydown process for mortgage interest differential payments
  • Determine when to use government assisted housing as replacement housing
  • Explain the interview requirements for businesses as an integral part of advisory services

Exceptional Replacement Housing Payments

Exceptional Replacement Housing Payments

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course goes beyond the basic functional areas of relocation assistance and concentrates on areas of specific concern, such as the 30% rule, carve-out of major exterior attribute, buildable lot rule, mixed use properties and alternate highest and best use other than residential.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain when the “30% Rule” is used in the rental assistance calculation
  • Describe three key carve-out issues for a major exterior attribute
  • Explain the Federal regulations about buildable lots
  • Calculate a price differential payment for “mixed use” properties based on the Federal regulations
  • Calculate a price differential payment based on highest and best use other than residential

Highway Plan Reading

Highway Plan Reading

LENGTH: 2 Days | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:12; Maximum:20

Description:

This course is designed to help provide information about two types of highway plans; construction and right of way. The construction portion of the plans is used to provide information about the design of the roadway, the type and quantities of construction materials and the various types of methods used to complete the work. The right of way portion of the plans provides the agent with detailed information associated with the acquisition of the right of way for a highway project. The right of way plans show the names of the property owners from whom the right of way must be acquired, the required area of take, property lines, improvements and existing and proposed rights of way.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Read, interpret and relate to a set of right of way and construction plans
  • Identify and interpret symbols used in these plans
  • Develop the necessary skills to interpret a set of plans in non-technical terms to property owners and others

Introduction to Real Estate for Public Agencies

Introduction to Real Estate for Public Agencies

LENGTH: 4 days | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title III of the Uniform Act addresses real property acquisition policies, including appraisal requirements.

The course is designed to introduce transportation professionals to the basic concepts and requirements of the Uniform Act and 49 CFR Part 24. It provides information about the history of right-of-way, title and deeds, appraisal and appraisal review, acquisition/negotiations, relocation assistance, property management, environmental concerns, and grants and federal-aid participation.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the constitutional limitations on the power of eminent domain
  • Describe fee simple title
  • Identify three types of deeds
  • Define just compensation and fair market valueIdentify the three approaches to value
  • Describe the role of the review appraiser
  • State how an Agency determines the amount offered as just compensation
  • Identify steps included in closing a parcel
  • Identify the planning requirements for an Agency’s relocation plan
  • Identify three relocation notices
  • Describe comparable replacement housing, including decent, safe and sanitary standards
  • Compute replacement housing payments for owners and tenants
  • Compute moving expense payments
  • Explain the primary elements of a property management plan
  • Describe acquisition phase maintenance, rentals, owner retention, sale of improvements and demolition
  • Explain the purpose of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
  • Distinguish among Phase I, II and III environmental tests
  • Identify the various processes used to fund public land acquisition
  • Identify the presence of Federal funding in a project

Land Acquisition for Airports – The Basics

Length: 2 days  Class size: Minimum 15; Maximum 25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course is targeted at airport employees responsible for land acquisition under the Uniform Act and FAA regulations, as well as those persons responsible for oversight of those activities. It provides an overview of federal-aid requirements, and addresses appraisal, acquisition/negotiation and relocation.  This training also addresses disposal requirements for airports, working with consultants and managing the project schedule.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the legal basis for land acquisition by a governmental entity
  • Determine the appropriate valuation process for land acquisition by an airport
  • Apply the Uniform Act requirements to land acquisition
  • Apply the Uniform Act requirements to relocation assistance
  • Explain the disposition requirements for airports
  • Describe the process of working with consultants
  • Identify the steps in a typical project schedule

Mobile Home Relocation

Mobile Home Relocation

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course describes the requirements governing the provision of relocation payments to a person displaced from a mobile home and/or mobile home site who meets the basic eligibility requirements. This course goes beyond the basic functional areas of relocation assistance and concentrates on areas of specific concern such as realty vs. personalty, describing moving and related expenses, identifying ownership scenarios, and calculating owner vs. tenant-maximum replacement housing payments.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Differentiate between realty and personalty
  • Describe moving and related expenses for mobile homes
  • Identify ownership scenarios for mobile home occupants
  • Determine owner vs. tenant status and maximum replacement housing payments for mobile home occupants
  • Identify situations when a mobile home cannot be moved

Moving and Related Expenses

Moving and Related Expenses

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course is a comprehensive overview that develops a practical knowledge of the process and procedures involved in providing relocation assistance to business occupants. Material presented is based on the regulations promulgated by the lead agency (Federal Highway Administration) in implementing the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act and all subsequent statutory and regulatory amendments. Topics include expenses in §24.301(g) with the exception of calculating actual direct loss and substitute personal property and high bulk/low value.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Describe and give examples of moving expenses itemized in 49 CFR 24.301 (g)(1)-(7)(11)-(13) and (17)

Nonresidential Fixed Payments

Nonresidential Fixed Payments

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course provides specific information on the various aspects of nonresidential fixed payments. The main topics include eligibility criteria, determining the number of business, average annual net earnings, and nonprofit organizations.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • State the eligibility criteria for nonresidential fixed payments
  • Explain factors that that help determine the number of businesses with regard to fixed payment eligibility
  • Explain how to use the average annual net earnings to compute the fixed payment
  • Describe the payment calculation for a fixed payment for a nonprofit organization

Special Topics in Replacement Housing

Special Topics in Replacement Housing

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

The course is designed to help agents to answer questions, meet technical needs, and broaden the knowledge of those engaged in the relocation of persons as a result of the acquisition of real property required for a Federal or Federally funded project. The course topics include determining the status of multiple occupants, identifying and addressing illegal aliens and assessing and calculating incidental expenses. This will give the agent the expertise to assist in completing a transportation project effectively and efficiently.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Determine when multiple occupants constitute more than on household
  • Explain unique issues regarding illegal aliens (aliens not lawfully present in the U.S.)
  • Differentiate between three types of reimbursement categories for incidental expenses and assess a settlement statement

Specialized Nonresidential Payments

Specialized Nonresidential Payments

LENGTH: 1 day | CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course goes beyond the basic functional areas of relocation assistance and concentrates on areas of specific concern, such as actual direct loss, substitute personal property, low value / high bulk and related nonresidential expenses.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Compute an actual direct loss of tangible personal property payment
  • Compute a substitute personal property payment
  • Explain the low value/high bulk payment
  • Describe related nonresidential expenses

The Move Process

The Move Process

CLASS SIZE: Minimum:15; Maximum:25

Description:

The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act as amended (Uniform Act) and its implementing regulations require the uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, or farms and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies for public programs using Federal funds. Title II of the Uniform Act addresses relocation assistance policies.

This course provides specific information on the various aspects of business relocation and is designed to address the process involved in moving a business. The course will explain the necessary steps to take in order to relocate a business, beginning with the options available for reimbursement of move costs to the monitoring of the move to the replacement site. It stresses how to avoid costly problems. The main topics include nonresidential move options, performing an inventory for a nonresidential move, bids and estimates, bid adjustments, move specifications and monitoring nonresidential moves.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to understand and determine:

  • Describe the nonresidential move options
  • Describe the steps to take when performing an inventory for a nonresidential move
  • Determine between a bid and an estimate
  • Determine when an Agency should perform a bid adjustment
  • Determine when an Agency should require move specifications
  • Describe how an Agency should monitor a nonresidential move

Other Courses:

National Highway Institute (NHI)

  • Moving Cost Estimating
  • Basic Relocation under the Uniform Act (#141029)
  • Advanced Relocation Workshop under the Uniform Act (#141030)
  • Business Relocation under the Uniform Act (#141031)
  • Appraisal for Federal-Aid Highway Programs (#141043)
  • Appraisal Review for Federal-Aid Highway Programs (#141044)
  • Introduction to Federal-Aid Right-of-Way Requirements for Local Public Agencies (#141050)

Click here to register online for NHI Courses

Federal Transit Administration (FTA)

  • FTA Real Estate Requirements

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

  • Appraisal and Title Opinion

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

EPA Permanent Relocation Procedures for Superfund Sites

Description:

This is a two and one-half day training course on permanent relocation procedures and processes at EPA Superfund sites. This course is directed to a target audience of Superfund Remedial Project Managers, Community Involvement Coordinators, and representatives from the Office of Regional Counsel, and real estate experts with the United States Army, Corps of Engineers (USACE) who are currently or reasonably anticipate providing relocation support to the EPA. It provides a comprehensive overview of fundamental relocation procedures under the Uniform Act and 49 CFR Part 24.

Outcomes:

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the principles that govern provisions of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Act of 1970 (Uniform Act) and implementing regulations.
  • Provide examples of your understanding of the factors involved in difficult relocation subject areas, such as mortgage interest differential payments, settlement costs, last resort housing, mobile homes, farms, and other non residential moving payments.
  • Provide directly or assist others in providing advisory assistance in difficult cases.
  • Determine directly or assist others in determining eligibility for certain relocation benefits in difficult cases.
  • Provide examples of your understanding of complex, non residential moving costs.

Research Studies:

National Research Institute Study

  • Innovative Right-of-Way Practices of the States

FHWA Research Courses

  • 1st Business Retrospective Study
  • Directional Sign Study
  • Increase/Decrease in Valuation under the URA Study
  • Federal Ineligibility Notification Study (FINS, Florida)
  • The Effects of Contamination on the Market Value of Property
  • A Prototype of Management Structures of State DOT's
  • Review of the Boston Artery Relocation Payments
  • Follow-up Study of Relocatees
  • Comparison of Condemnation Practices of the States

Current Open Positions

O. R. Colan Associates ensures nondiscrimination in all programs and activities in accordance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

If you need more information or special assistance for persons with disabilities or limited English proficiency, contact Human Resources at (704) 944-1391